Homosexuality has been a topic of debate for a very long time. Different countries have a different stand on the issue. With the ongoing hustle around the article. News channels and newspapers are filled with this kind of news. Many people support this and many oppose, there are many NGO’s supporting and fighting for the rights of homosexual people. People are hoping for the decision to be in their favour this time so that they can get equal rights.
The Section 377 dates back to 1861. It was introduced during the British rule of India and criminalised sexual activities against the order of nature.
Here is everything you need to know about Article 377-

What is Section 377?

Section 377 of IPC(Indian Penal Code) criminalises homosexuality. It states that whoever voluntarily has carnal intercourse against the order of nature with any man, woman or animal shall be punished with imprisonment and is also liable to be fined.

Timeline of Section 377-

2001- It all started when an NGO filed a PIL Delhi High Court for legislation of gay sex.

2004- This PIL was dismissed by the High court. Many social activities were held by the LGBT community. Then people moved to Supreme court against the high court order.

2006- Supreme court asked the High court to reconsider.

2009- High court allows the plea of LGBT activists. Homosexuality was legalised.

2013- Supreme court overruled the high court’s decision and homosexuality was once again criminalised.

This was considered a major setback by the LGBT community to human rights.

2018- The case is transferred to the bench of 5 judges of the supreme court headed by CJI Dipak Misra.

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The verdict-

The 5-judge constitutional bench assembled today at 11:30 AM and pronounced judgement on the constitutional validity of Section 377 of the IPC.
CJI Dipak Misra spoke about the importance of individual identity with dignity and equality for all without any discrimination. CJI says autonomy, intimacy and identity of an individual are to be protected. He says that the LGBT community has the same fundamental rights as citizens.

This is a welcome change for our country. This is proof that our country truly has started upholding rights of every individual. Hope other things also change for the betterment of India.


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